Gold:
Gold has limited use to players early on in the game because of its frailty in use in weapons, tools, and armor. However, late-game players will realize its value in redstone contraptions, clocks, and the crafting of powerful food items like golden apples. Gold is a frequent reward in chests found in strongholds, dungeons, abandoned mines, and the Nether, but it can also be mined. It's definitely worth grabbing when you see it because gold is relatively rare in Minecraft. The game is also planning a major update to the Nether that will add new mobs and a new trading system heavily involving gold. In a badlands biome, gold can actually be found above ground and in exposed abandoned mineshafts, up to blocks 80. It's one of the rarer ores in the game, found usually in veins ranging from 2 to 4 ore blocks.

Diamond:
The search for diamonds in Minecraft has occupied a special place on the internet for many years, be it in the form of memes, songs, or posts just like this one. Having diamonds is like being inducted into the elite in Minecraft, and means you can finally think about things like the Nether and the ender dragon. Diamond can be used to craft all manner of tools, weapons, and armor, besides being used to craft enchantment tables and a handful of other things. It's really rare, very special, and a must-have for any long-term Minecraft player. Diamond veins are far more infrequent, are usually smaller, and drop less than redstone, despite spawning in a similar area. Diamond veins are usually 2 to 4 blocks, and each block of diamond ore will only give a single diamond. This makes them a fair sight harder to find and makes it really important to use diamonds sparingly.

Quartz:
Quartz may probably be at the bottom of this list, but that does not mean it's the rarest ore in Minecraft. Far from it, in fact, quartz is really common in the places that it can be found. The issue is that quartz can only be found in the Nether, making them a late-game resource for players who have already found diamond or have gone into the Nether. Quartz is used commonly for building but is also used in a handful of crafting recipes, usually involving redstone. It can be condensed into quartz blocks with four bits of quartz, which means it can be done without a crafting table. This move cannot be reversed, though, so it's not of utility for storage. Quartz veins are really common and can sometimes rival those of coal in terms of size and depth. Quartz also drops experience points more regularly than coal, so it can be quite useful for players who need to accumulate levels for enchanting.

Emerald:
When asked what the rarest ore in Minecraft is, many people may say "diamond." That would be wrong. Even though diamonds are rare, there is one ore that is even more so: emeralds. Emeralds are the newest ore on this list and are only applied when trading with villagers. This makes their value subjective since how important they are depends on how crucial trading is to you. Still, emeralds can be gained by trading, finding them in chests, or mining them. Before you go off to search for them, however, there is a real limitation on where emeralds generate. The mountains biome is the only biome in which emeralds will spawn, highly reducing how common they can be. Emerald veins are also not common, and they are never larger than a single block of ore at a time. Even in ideal conditions, a single cave in a mountain biome is still more likely to have higher numbers of diamonds than emeralds.

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